Different Soil Stabilization Materials and Method.
Many workers in construction die in accidents in excavations which is the to poorly stabilized soil. The only way to prevent such accidents is to stabilize the soil in the worksite so that when machines operated on them, they don’t cave-in.
Below are some of the materials and methods that can help stabilize the soil in a construction site.
Let us look first at the different stabilization materials.
If the soil is highly plastic or clay-like, then you should use slaked lime. When adding slaked lime, the soil is strengthened and stabilized. The soil becomes more compact since it helps to remove water from the soil.
A popular stabilizing material for soil is cement. Whatever types of soil you are working on, you can use cement to stabilize it. Stabilization is improved if you add lime, sodium sulfate, or fly ash to cement.
Asphalt and tar, which are bituminous materials, can improve stability and reduces water absorption. These will help prevent soil erosion.
The stability of the soil can also improve by adding chemicals. The most popular chemicals include calcium chloride, sodium chloride, and sodium silicate. Using chemicals can help compact the soil to stabilize it. They help increase the retention of water of the soil so that there is better sticking of particles together.
FAbrics that help build up the soil are geotextiles. There are different kinds of porous geotextiles and it will depend on n the type of soil to determine the best option.
EnviroGrid made by Geo Products is a good example of geotextile. These cells which are heavy-duty prevent the filler material to have lateral movement. Because of their excellent drainage, they can be used in wet areas.
Here are some soil stabilization methods you can use.
One of the common method of stabilizing soil is by mixing in the stabilizing materials. The correct percentage of additive should be mixed with the amount of soil you have.
You should also be concerned about the depth of the soil. It is important to have enough depth for the materials to do their job. If the earth is loose, then a deeper mixture of stabilizing materials is required.
An option for the stabilization of soil which is expensive is grouting. Buried areas of the earth would neet grouting because it does not allow mixing of materials into it. Stabilizers are injected into the soil where it permeates and mixes to make the soil stronger and more compacted.
Electrical stabilization is another method of soil stabilization which is very expensive. if the soil is clay-like then the best method of soil stabilization is electrical stabilization. In this method, you insert metal electrodes into the earth. It involves running current through the electrodes and it results in water moving towards them. When water is removed it results in the compacting of the soil. YOu now have a sturdier foundation to keep construction vehicles safe.